Cuaderno de Investigación en la Educación
Número 15, Diciembre
2000


   

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A Descriptive Survey and Analysis of the Organization and Administration of Public Recreation Services in the Metropolitan Area of San Juan, Puerto Rico

Nelson Meléndez Brau
Catedrático Educación Física y Recreación
New York University
Doctorado 1983

 

This study in concerned with the administration and operation of public recreation services within the Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area of San Juan, Puerto Rico. Here, the government had authorized eleven public agencies to provide recreation services, confusion in terms of agency objectives, inadequate planning, disorder in the programming and delivery of services, and waste of resources.

Systems theory was used as the theoretical framework for the study based on the observation that the eleven public agencies offering services in metropolitan San Juan operate as a system, responding to environmental conditions and attempting to produce activities designed to satisfy its constituents. Each agency, however, operates as a system by itself (within its geographical and, or, statutory limits) but is subsumed as a unit by the encompassing Metropolita n San Juan recreation services system.

A questionnaire was developed to gather selected data from each of the agencies operating in the area. Findings were reported using the case study method-at the individual organization level. The same data was then used in the analysis of the all-inclusive recreation service system of metropolitan San Juan.

Findings revealed that:

  1. There was no accepted pattern or intent for cooperation regarding service provision among agencies composing the system, but rather each agency sought to further its own objectives without regard for the outcome that the combined actions of all agencies may produce.

  2. All the agencies had highly centralized administrations where delegation of authority and responsibility as well as communication was minimal.

  3. The personnel employed by the system was seriously lacking in training in the recreation/leisure field.

  4. Recreation services in the sports and fitness categories were emphasized by the system over other types of services by a factor of two to one, much to the neglect of those services.

  5. A total of 68% of the population served by the system were persons under 20 years of age and 73% of all persons were males; which speaks negatively of the system’s ability to reach other population groups and thus provide for a balanced service offering.

  6. The fairly large inventory of recreation facilities (1,175) was not receiving adequate maintenance.
     

Investigaciones / Publicaciones:

Meléndez Brau, N. (1993). North-South, East-West, Leisure and the Global Citizen, en Ocio y Nueva Ciudadanía; Actas VIII Congreso de E.L.R.A., Universidad de Deusto, Bilbao, España.

Meléndez Brau, N. (1992). Tourism in Puerto Rico, en Spatial Implications of Tourism, ed. C. Fleischer-van Rooijen, Geo Pers, Groningen, the Netherlands.

Meléndez Brau, N. (1991). Latin America; Educational Programs in Recreation, Parks and Leisure - an Overview, en International Directory of Academic Institutions in Leisure, Recreation and Related Fields, 2nd. edition, ed. M. D’amours, Presses de I’Université du Québec, Canada.

Meléndez Brau, N. (1989). Puerto Rico: Consumerism as a Way of Live, en Leisure and Life -Style, eds. A. Olszewska y K. Roberts, SAGE Publications Ltd., Londres.

Meléndez Brau, N. (1987). The Arts in Puerto Rico, en Trends in the Arts a Multinational Perspective, eds. L. Hantrais y T. Kamphorst, Uitgeverij Giordano Bruno, Utrecht.

Meléndez Brau, N. (1986). Educación en recreación, parques y tiempo libre en Latinoamérica un esquema general, en International Directory of Academic Institutions in Leisure, Recreation and Related Fields, ed. M. D’Amurs, World Leisure and Recreation Association, Quebec.

Meléndez Brau, N. (1990). Características de la participación deportiva en el Puerto Rico urbano, Centro de Estudio del Tiempo Libre, Universidad de América, Bayamón, Puerto Rico.

Meléndez Brau, N. (1989). Salsa y Tiempo Libre; estudio sobre los valores transmitidos por la música popular puertorriqueña en relación al uso del tiempo libre, publicado por el Centro de Estudio del Tiempo Libre, Universidad de América, Bayamón, Puerto Rico.

Meléndez Brau, N. (1986). Los centros comerciales y el tiempo libre; nuevos usos de los espacios urbanos. Centro de Estudio del Tiempo Libre, Universidad de América, Bayamón, Puerto Rico.

Meléndez Brau, N. (1986). Los comerciales de televisión y su influencia sobre las conductas de tiempo libre en Puerto Rico, Centro de Estudio del Tiempo Libre, Universidad de América, Bayamón, Puerto Rico.

Meléndez Brau, N. (1989). The Social Implications of Leisure in Latin America, Economic Papers 22, Research Institute for Developing Countries, Central School of Planning and Statistics, Warsaw, Poland.

Meléndez Brau, N. (1987). The Historical Development of the Latin American Leisure and Recreation Association, World Leisure and Recreation, 29, (1).

Meléndez Brau, N. (1987). Leisure and Consumption: The Influence of Television Commercials, World Leisure and Recreation, 28, (3).

Meléndez Brau, N. (1999). Las conductas de ocio de la familia puertorriqueña. Revista de Ciencias Sociales, 6, 227-243.

Meléndez Brau, N. (1998). El efecto del trabajo sobre los estilos de ocio de los estudiantes universitarios en Puerto Rico, Memorias del Quinto Congreso Mundial de Tiempo Libre, Sao Paulo, Brasil.

Meléndez Brau, N. (1995). El impacto económico de la industria de la recreación marina en Puerto Rico, para la Marine Industry Association of Puerto Rico y la Marina and Boatyard Association of Puerto Rico.

Meléndez Brau, N. (1994). Statewide Comprehensive Outdoor Recreation Plan 1994-1998, para National Park Service, Departamento de Recreación y Deportes y Compañía de Fomento Recreativo.

Meléndez Brau, N. (1994). La demanda recreativa del Centro Tradicional Histórico de Caguas, para la Oficina de Planificación y Desarrollo Comunal de Caguas.

Meléndez Brau, N. (1994). La función recreativa del Centro Tradicional Histórico de Caguas, para Oficina de Planificación y Desarrollo Comunal de Caguas.

Meléndez Brau, N. (1995). La influencia del nivel educativo sobre la participación en la recreación al aire libre, Tiempo Libre, 9, (2).

Meléndez Brau, N. (1991). ¿Contribuye la recreación a la satisfacción de vida de los envejecientes jubilados?, Auspiciado por el Fondo Institucional para la Investigación de la Universidad de Puerto Rico, Recinto de Río Piedras. Filmado en formato VHS y difundido a través de la televisión local.

Meléndez Brau, N. (en proceso). Uso del tiempo libre y resistencia a la infección por VIH. Auspiciado por el Centro de Investigación y Estudio de VIH/SIDA, Universidad de Puerto Rico, Recinto de Río Piedras.
 

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